APA examples provided are not exhaustive. Students must seek some help from the Writing Centre and/or their Professor for specific or problematic references.

APA examples provided are not exhaustive. Students must seek some help from the Writing Centre and/or their Professor for specific or problematic references.

More Help with APA

Updated: January 2019 to make sure consistency for students, modifications to citation examples are created only between semesters.

Why do we need to cite, anyway?

  • You give credit towards the original authors/sources of data and steer clear of plagiarism
  • Your readers can very quickly access your sources that are original
  • You add credibility to your assignments which help prove your arguments.

Colleges/Universities, subject areas and professions select and make use of a method that is standard of. Be sure to consult your Professor about what method to use.

If you were to think about it, most of the details that gets into a paper or article may be organized into three groups: “common knowledge” “my ideas”, and “other people’s ideas”. By understanding these groups, we can understand why citations matter within our work.

Let’s start with common knowledge, which comprises of more successful and reliable facts. For example, George Washington being the US that is first president an existing fact found in a variety of reliable sources. Per year having 365 days can also be considered well known.

Next, let’s consider “my ideas”. This group consist of your thoughts that are personal opinions, conclusions, and analysis of the topic. It would also fall into this category if you are conducting your own original research.

Last but not least, there are various other people’s ideas – and these deserve special care. Once we research a subject, we’re likely to get and borrow helpful information and discoveries that came through the work of specific individuals or organizations whose work was published in reputable books, journals, articles and websites. “Other people’s ideas” likewise incorporate quotes from other writing that support or debate points that you’re making. A paper or project may include all three kinds of information.

While common knowledge as well as your ideas don’t usually need special treatment, when other people’s ideas are a part of your paper, readers do need to find out. This could be completed with citations. Using citations shows you’re responsible. You’ve done the research, given credit to the people that are right provided the reader with resources for more learning and avoided plagiarism.

A citation consist of two parts that work together. They are the citation that is in-text full citations. Here’s how they work…

If you use someone else’s ideas, the reader needs to know, but adding the required information into the middle of the paper will be annoying and hard to see.

So, we need a way that is quick indicate when a section will be based upon another person’s ideas. This is done with an in-text citation. It’s a notification that is brief the body of this text that specific words, ideas, figures, or images were obtained from other sources. These point the reader to the second part of a citation–the full citation–which can be found either at end of the paper or at the end of this page. Because of this, the written text remains readable plus it’s clear if you use other people’s’ ideas.

Often, full citations have all the information needed seriously to find the publication that is original. These include author names, titles of books or journals, publishers, publication dates, page numbers and much more.

Let’s look at two ways that are common cite your sources in a paper: that is amazing you employ a notion from a novel in your paper and want to cite it.

An in-text citation could might include the author’s last name and year published, author’s last name and page number, or simply a number. These connect your reader to the full citation, that might be in a bibliography at the conclusion of the paper, or in essaytyperonline.com reddit a footnote in the bottom of this page.

Using citations is a component of being a student that is responsible researcher, however it’s also a service to others. They acknowledge the social people whose work helped establish what is known concerning the world and provides a means for the readers to dive even deeper into your subject.

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